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Posted on 03-02-2017
Affecting mostly older, overweight, male cats, diabetes mellitus is clinically diagnosed by your Austin veterinarian through blood and urine tests indicating excessive levels of glucose in the cat's body. Signs a cat may be suffering diabetes include increased thirst, urinating outside the litter box, cycling appetite changes, weight loss without reduced appetite and reduced activity.
Unless treated as soon as possible by your Austin vet, diabetes usually shortens the normal feline lifespan due to complications like ketoacidosis, breathing difficulties, severe dehydration, acidosis, and shock.
A life-threatening development resulting from insufficient insulin, ketoacidosis forces the cat's body to metabolize fats into fatty acid. Ketones are waste products released during this process that cause the cat's blood to become overly acidic. Signs of ketoacidosis include dehydration, diarrhea and lethargy due to urinating constantly, vomiting and rapid weight loss. Emergency cases of ketoacidosis require your Austin TX vet give your cat intravenous insulin, electrolytes and fluids immediately to reverse dehydration and possible shock.
Insulin injections administered at home two times a day and diet adjustments are the recommended treatments for diabetes in cats. Since obesity plays a key role in feline diabetes, your vet will suggest a weight loss diet for your cat that also helps regulate his blood glucose levels.
Yes. If your cat shows symptoms of diabetes and begins limping, acting like they are weak, painful or is hesitant to leap or jump, he may have diabetic neuropathy or damage to their nervous system due to untreated diabetes.
Possibly. Cats suffering diabetes cannot properly break down nutrients available in food. Nutrients are essential for optimal functioning of the pancreas, an organ responsible for producing digestive enzymes. Inflammation of the pancreas can cause fever, dehydration, rapid heart rate and breathing problems.
If you suspect your cat is suffering diabetes or diabetic complications, please bring him to our Austin Emergency Animal Hospital for immediate treatment. Call for information about our services at 512-331-6121 or 512-899-0955.
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